Electricity 1

Electrical diagram


Essential elements to know

Electrical voltage

Electrical voltage

Electrical power

Electrical power

Direct current

Direct current

Alternating current

Alternating current

Electrical energy

Electrical energy

Electrical circuits

Electrical circuits

Printed circuit board

Electronic components

Printed circuit board

What is a printed circuit board (PCB)?

A printed circuit board (PCB) is an insulating substrate usually made of a composite material, such as FR4, on which electronic components are mounted to form functional electronic circuits.

With ICAPE GROUP, PCBs are used in a multitude of electronic applications, from consumer devices such as cell phones and computers to industrial and medical equipment. Their design and manufacture have evolved to meet the growing demands of :



Reliability of electronic devices

Types of network

Electrical network

Power supply systems

Each type of power network is designed to meet specific needs in terms of electricity distribution and consumption, according to different geographical areas and varying consumer demands.

Power grids

Power grids

Designed to transport large quantities of electricity

They use transmission lines to carry electricity generated by power plants to substations located closer to consumption areas.

Power stations

Power stations

Plants designed to generate electricity on a large scale

The choice of power plant often depends on available resources, geographical location and environmental considerations.

Power distribution

Power distribution

Medium-voltage (MV) and low-voltage (LV) distribution networks

Medium-voltage distribution networks carry electricity to more specific areas, such as residential neighborhoods, industrial or commercial zones.

How does your home's electrical installation work?

Electrical installation

Installation to standards

Principle of a domestic electrical installation

The basic principle of a domestic electrical installation is to secure the distribution of electricity to meet the needs of the home, while complying with safety standards.

All domestic electrical installations must comply with local and national electrical standards. These standards govern the design, installation and maintenance of electrical systems to ensure the safety of occupants.

Earth leakage circuit breaker

A fundamental element in an electrical circuit to ensure the safety of people and equipment.

Earthing system

Its operation relies on diverting unwanted currents to the ground to avoid the risk of electrocution and fire.

Distribution board

Groups together various electrical protection and distribution devices in a cabinet or box.

Wires and circuits

Key elements of an electrical installation, facilitating the safe distribution of electricity throughout a home.

Mandatory electrical diagnosis

¬†Mandatory electrical diagnostics involve assessing the safety of a home’s electrical installation as part of a property sale.

The importance of the electricity meter

 It is a central device in an electrical installation, measuring electricity consumption, enabling precise monitoring of consumption, detection of potential problems and helping to maintain the stability of the electrical network.

Technology development

Electrical innovations

A section to keep abreast of trends

Smart Grids

Cutting-edge technologies to improve the distribution and management of electricity.

They use modern technologies such as sensors, communication systems and data management software to collect real-time information on electricity consumption and production.

Sensor technology in electronics

Detecting and measuring various physical or chemical phenomena.

There is a wide variety of sensors, each designed to meet specific needs. For example, temperature sensors use variations in resistance, etc.

Storage solutions

Energy storage

Batteries for everyone!

Advances in energy storage technologies have given rise to a variety of solutions, including batteries for different uses.

Lithium-polymer (Li-pol) batteries, for example, are similar to Li-ion batteries in that they offer greater flexibility and can be adapted to different shapes, making them ideal for compact electronic devices.

energy storage technologies